Main Structures of The Crawler Combine Harvester

A crawler combine harvester is a composite machine that completes the combined work procedures of grain harvesting, threshing, separation, and storage of grains at one time. It plays an important role in reducing agricultural labor intensity, improving productivity, reducing agricultural production costs, and promoting high agricultural yields.

Wubota combine harvester is used for harvesting

The combine harvesters produced by our company are mainly self-propelled crawler combine harvesters. The main models are 4LZ-4.5 and 4LZ-5.5. This type of combine harvester is mainly used for harvesting rice and wheat, but can also harvest other crops such as corn, rape, and so on.

A rice combine harvester is mainly composed of the following parts.

  • 01 – Cutting Header Part
  • 02-Feeding Conveyor Part
  • 03-Threshing Part
  • 04-Grain Tank Part
  • 05-Walking Part

These parts work together at the same time so that the harvester can finish all harvesting working processes at once.

What are the Main Structures of The Crawler Combine Harvester?

01-Harvester Cutting Header

Harvester Cutting Header

The harvester Wubota produce is a full-feed combine harvester, which needs to cut the whole grain and then transport it to the thresher for threshing.

The header of the full-feed harvester is composed of the header body, the reel, and the header auger. Through the joint assistance of various parts, the grain can be cut and fed into the thresher.

This design is widely used in China and major Southeast Asia because its advantages are convenient maintenance and relatively simple structure. In terms of production and manufacturing costs, the production cost of the header of the full-feed harvester is also much lower than the Half feeding header of the harvester.

The half-feed harvester, in widely used in Japan and Korea.

half-feed rice combine harvester

DF ISEKI 808 Half Feeding Combine Harvester

The advantage is that it can ensure the integrity of rice straws and reduce the energy consumption of threshing and cleaning. When the half-feed harvester works, the header only harvests the grain, which is more efficient, but the disadvantage is that the loss rate is higher, and not every country’s rice is suitable for the use of the half-feed harvester. Moreover, the maintenance cost is higher due to the transmission structure being more complicated in the header part while repairing.

02-Conveyor

The Conveyor Part mainly conveys the grain to the threshing part by two conveyor chains.

Conveyor

03-Thresher

Thresher

The thresher is mainly composed of a threshing drum, a concave sieve, a vibrating sieve assembly, a fan system, and a conveying auger connected by a transmission device.

The harvesters Wubota manufacturing are longitudinal axial flow threshing drums. The advantages of longitudinal axial flow drums are better than horizontal axial flow design, because the direction of rice feeding is longitudinal, and this design can accept larger amounts of grain to be digested.

Threshing Drum

Concave

The tooth structure on the threshing drum and the concave plate sieve squeeze each other so that the rice can be rubbed off and dropped on the vibrating sieve.

The vibrating sieve is the cleaning system of the harvester, and the material falling from the concave plate and the separation mechanism enters the vibrating sieve.

The function of the cleaning system is to clean the grain (to remove the mixed residues of straws in the grain.

The vibrating sieve assembly is composed of two upper and lower sieves. Generally, the upper sieve is an adjustable fish scale sieve, and the lower sieve is composed of grids. There is also a round-hole sieve. The round-hole sieve has a better effect on cleaning in some Southeast Asia, but the angle at which the grain falls cannot adjust as a fish scale sieve.

vibrating sieve

The vibrating sieve has been doing a linear reciprocating motion so that the grains are continuously cleaned, dropped, cleaned, and dropped again until getting to the fan blowing section, while lighter small straws will be blown out from the thresher machine.

04-Grain Tank

The Grain Tank is responsible for collecting the threshed and clean grains.

Grain Tank

The design of the grain tank of the rice combine harvester should follow the principle of balance. If the design is too large, the left and the right balance of the harvester will not be good enough. Therefore, the size of the grain tank of the crawler combine harvester is usually 1.4 cubic meters to 1.6 cubic meters.

Then there is the grain feeding device. Now the grain feeding of the harvester generally adopts the design of the 360-degree Grain Unloading Auger. The advantage of this design is that it can extend the length of the grain. When the Grain Truck is on the side of the road, the harvester does not have to drive to the road to unload the grain, but only needs to extend the Outlet of the Unloading Auger to the position of the truck, which is very convenient.

05-Walking Part

The walking part of the crawler harvester is also called the harvester chassis. It is composed of the Driving sprocket, carrier roller, support roller, guide roller, and crawler. They are the parts that control the walking and steering of the harvester.

Walking Part

Summary: It’s known that combine harvester can be used for harvesting mass quantities of grain, you can find rice combine harvesters and other crop harvesters on Wubota. If you want to buy a harvester or want to be a harvester distributor in your country, please contact us anytime, we have professional consolidate to help you.

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